Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh was born on May 19, 1882. His father, Hedayat Ashtiani, was the Finance Minister under King Naser al-Din Qajar, and his mother was a granddaughter of the Crown Prince Abbas Mirza.
After the Constitutional Revolution of 1906, Mossadegh was elected from Isfehan to the first Parliament, but since he was under the age of 30, he refused his position as a Parliament member.
When Mohammad Ali Shah bombarded the first Parliament, and Liberals were either executed or imprisoned, Mossadegh spent a while in concealment. Iin 1909 he set out for France through Russia, and he studied at the Political Science Institute of Paris for two years. Due to his illness, Mossadegh was forced to return to Iran, but after 5 months he traveled to Switzerland where he continued his education at the Neuchatel law school. He obtained his Ph.D in law and his attorney permit in 1913.
In 1914 he returned to Iran and began his career at the Political Science Institute of Tehran, as a professor. During this time, Mossadegh authored two books, "Civil Legal Procedure," and the "Capitulation" .
In 1917, Mossadegh became the deputy Finance Minister and tried his best to put a definite end to corruption inside the Ministry.
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